The AIIMS Exam 2020 will be conducted in May 2020. The Exam will take place two days in a row. Candidates who are preparing for AIIMS can check the AIIMS Syllabus 2020 here. The Syllabus includes topics from Physics, Chemistry, Biology (Botany/ Zoology), General Knowledge, Aptitude Test, and Logical Thinking. The level of the questions will be from 11th and 12th Based. In this article, we have discussed AIIMS MBBS 2020 Syllabus in details. Knowing the syllabus is very important in the preparation cycle. You will also get all the important chapters along with the weightage here. Hene, go through the article, to know about the AIIMS Syllabus in details.
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AIIMS MBBS 2020 Exam Pattern
The Exam Pattern of AIIMS 2020 is as follows-
- The Exam takes place online, which means it is a Computer Based Online Test.
- The total time duration of the examination is 3 Hours and 30 Minutes.
- Total Marks of the Question is 200 marks.
- The Questions are Multiple Choice Objective Questions.
- Each question carries 1 mark.
- For a correct answer, 1 mark is awarded and for a wrong answer, 1/3rd marks are deducted.
- The Exam Paper is divided into five sections- Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Aptitude Test and Logical Thinking and Aptitude Test.
Distribution of Marks in AIIMS Syllabus 2020 – Section Wise
|Biology (Zoology/Botany)||60 Marks|
|General Knowledge||10 Marks|
|Aptitude Test and Logical Thinking||10 Marks|
|Total Marks||200 Marks|
Important Dates of AIIMS 2020 Syllabus
|Events||Dates Scheduled (Tentative)|
|Starting Date of Online Basic Registration Process||November 2019|
|Closing Date of Basic Registration Process||January 2020|
|Starting Date of Final Registration Process||January/February 2020|
|Closing Date of Final Registration Process||March 2020|
|Issuance of Admit card||May 2020|
|Date of the Examination||May 2020|
The Dates that are mentioned above are tentative. The official dates will be available on the official website of AIIMS- www.aiimsexams.org
AIIMS Syllabus 2020 – In Details
AIIMS MBBS Physics Syllabus
Unit -I Electrostatics
- Electric Charges and their Conservation, Forces Between Multiple Charges, Superposition Principle and Continous Charge Distribution, Coulomb’s Law Force Between Two-Point Charges.
- Conductors and Insulators, Free Charges and Bound Charges inside a conductor, Van de Graff Generator, Dielectrics, and electric polarization, capacitors, and capacitance, the combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor.
- Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
- Electric Potential, Potential Difference, Electric Potential due to Point Charge, A dipole and system of charges, Equipotential Surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric diploes in an electrostatic field.
- Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to an infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside)
Unit-II Current Electricity
- Internal Resistance of a Cell, Potential Difference, and EMF of a Cell, Combination of Cells in Series and Parallel.
- Electric Current, Flow of Electric Charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity.
- Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, Meter Bridge.
- Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.
- Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.
Unit-III Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
- AC Generator and Transformer
- Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance.
- Alternating currents, peak and the RMS value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattless current.
Unit-IV Electromagnetic Waves
- Electromagnetic Waves and their Characteristics
- Transverse Nature of Electromagnetic Waves
- Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.
- The need of Displacement Current
Unit – V Optics
- Reflection of Light, Spherical Mirrors, Mirror Formula, Refraction of Light, Total Internal Reflection and its applications, Optical Fibres Refraction at Spherical Surfaces, Lenses, Thin Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of Lens, Len’s Maker Formula, Combination of Thin Lenses In Contact Combination of Mirror and Lenses, Refraction and Dispersion of Light through prism.
- Optical Instruments: Human Eye, Image Formation and Accommodation, Correction of Eye Defects (Myopia and Hypermetropia) using lenses.
- Scattering of Light- Blue Color of the Sky, and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
- Microscopes and Astronomical Telescopes (reflecting and refracting), and their magnifying powers.
- Diffraction due to a single slit, Width of Central Maximum
- Wave-optics- Wavefronts and Huygen’s Principle, Reflection and Refraction of Plane Wave at a plane surface using wavefronts.
- Interference, Young’s Double Hole Experiment, Expression of Fringe Width, Coherent Sources, Sustained Interference of Light.
- Resolving Power of Microscopes and Astronomical Telescopes, Polarization or Plane Polarized Light, Brewster’s Law, Uses of Plane Polarized Light and Polaroid.
Unit -VI Atoms and Nuclei
- Radioactivity- Alpha, Beta, and Gamma Particles/ Rays and their Properties Decay Law, Mass Defect, Mass Energy Relation, Energy per Nucleon and its variation with mass number, Nuclear Fission, and Fusion.
- Alpha-Particle Scattering Experiments, Bohr Model, Rutherford Model of Atom, Hydrogen Spectrum, Energy Levels, Composition and Size of Nucleus, Atomic Masses, Isotopes, Isobars, Isotones.
Unit VII Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
- Photoelectric Effect, Hertz and Lenard’s Observations, Einstein Photoelectric Equation- Particle Nature of Light.
- Matter Waves – Wave Nature of Particles, De Broglie Relation, Davisson-Germer Experiment (Experiment Details should be omitted and only the conclusion should be submitted).
Unit – VIII Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
- The concept of Magnetic Field, Oersted’s Experiment, Bio-Savart Law and its application to current carrying loop.
- Ampere’s Law and its Applications to an infinitely long straight wire, Straight and Toroidal Solenoids, Force on a Moving Charge in Uniform Magnetic and Electric Fields, Cyclotron.
- Para, Dia, ferromagnetic substances with examples.
- Electromagnetic and Factors Affecting their strengths, Permanent Magnets.
- Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, The force between two-parallel current-carrying conductors, the definition of amperes, Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field, Moving Coil Galvanometer- Its Current Sensitivity, and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
- Current loop as a Magentic Dipole, and its magnetic dipole moment, Magnetic Dipole Moment of a Revolving Electron, Torque on a Magnetic Dipole (bar magnet) in a unifrom magnetic field, Magnetic Field Intensity due to magnetic dipole bar magnet along its axis and perpendicular to its axis, Bar Magnet as an Equivalent Solenoid,Magnetic Field Lines, Earth’s Magnetic Field, and Magnetic Elements.
- Electromagnetic and Factors affecting their strengths. Permanent Magnets
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Unit-IX Electromagnetic Devices
- Energy Bands in Solids (Qualitative Ideas Only), Conductors, Insulators and Semiconductors, Semi-Conductor Diode (I-V) Characteristics in forwarding and Reverse Bias, Diode as a Rectifier.
- I-V Characteristics of LED, Photodiode, Solar cell, and Zener Diode, Zener Diode as a Voltage Regulator, Junction Transistor, Transition Action, Characteristics of a Transistor, Transistor as an Amplifier (Common-Emitter Configuration), and Oscillator,
- Logic Gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, and NOR), Transistor as a Switch.
AIIMS Syllabus 2020 – Chemistry
Unit-I Solid State
- Classification of solids based on different binding forces, Molecular, Iconic Covalent, and Metallic Solids, Amorphous and Crystalline Solids (Elementary Idea)
- Unit Cell in Two-Dimensional and Three Dimensional Lattices, Calculation of Density of Unit Cell, Packing in Solids, Packing in Efficiency Voids
- Number of Atoms Per unit Cell in a Cubic Unit Cell, Point Defects, Electrical, and Magnetic Properties, Band Theory of Metals, Conductors, Semi-Conductors, and Insulators.
- Redox Reactions, Conductance in Electrolytic Solutions, Specific and Molar Conductivity Variation of Conductivity of Concentration.
- Kolrausch’s Law
- Electrolysis and Laws of Electrolysis (Elementary Idea), Dry Cell- Electrolytic Cells and Galvanic Cells
- Lead Accumulator, EMF of a Cell, Standard Electrode Potential.
- The relationship between Gibbs Energy Change and EMF of a cell
- Fuel Cells and Corrosion
- Types of Solutions, Concentration of Solutions of Solids and Liquids.
- The solubility of Gases in Liquids, Solid Solutions
- Colligative properties- Relative Lowering of Vapor Pressure
- Raoult’s Law, Elevation of Boiling Point
- Depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass
- Van Hoff factor
Unit-IV Chemical Kinetics
- The rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half-life (only for zero and first order reactions)
- The concept of collision theory ( elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation energy
- Arrhenius equation.
Unit-V P-Block Elements
- Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only); Phosphorous- allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorous: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3 , PCI5 ) and oxoacids (elementary idea only).
- Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; classification of oxides; ozone. Sulfur – allotropic forms; compounds of sulphur: preparation, preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only).
- Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structures only).
- Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, and its uses.
Unit VI General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
- Principles and Methods of Extraction – Concentration, Oxidation, Reduction Electrolytic Method, and Refining.
- Occurrence and Principles of Extraction of Aluminium, Copper, and Zinc
Unit-VII Surface Chemistry
- Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting the adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity
- enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: the distinction between true solutions, colloids, and suspensions; lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect.
- Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions- types of emulsions.
Unit-VIII Co-Ordination Compounds
- Co-Ordination Compounds: Introduction, Ligands, Co-ordination Number, Color, Magnetic Properties, and Shapes.
- IUPAC Nomenclature of Mononuclear Co-ordination Compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT, CFT.
- The importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, biological systems).
Unit-IX D and F Block Elements
- General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first-row transition metals- metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, color, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
- Lanthanides- electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanide contraction and its consequences.
- Actinides- Electronic configuration, oxidation states, and comparison with lanthanides.
Unit-X Haloarenes and Haloalkenes
- Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C –X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Optical rotation.
- Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only).
- Uses and environmental effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.
Unit- XI Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
- Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines.
- Cyanides and Isocyanides: will be mentioned at relevant places.
- Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions, and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
Unit – XII Biomolecules
- Carbohydrates- Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, and maltose), and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): importance.
- Proteins- Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.
- Hormones- the Elementary idea (excluding structure).
- Vitamins- Classification and function.
- Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA
Unit- XIII Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids
- Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, the reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses.
- Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.
Unit-XIV Chemistry in Everyday Life
- Chemicals in Medicines – Analgesics, Tranquilizers, Antiseptics, Disinfectants, Antimicrobials, Antifertility Drugs, Antibiotics, Antacids, Antihistamines.
- Cleansing Agents- Soaps and Detergents, and Cleansing Action
- Chemicals in Food – Preservatives, Artificial Sweetening Agents, Elementary Idea of Antioxidants.
Unit- XV Polymers
- Classification- Natural and Synthetic
- Methods of Polymerization (Addition and Condensation)
- Some Important Polymers: Natural and Synthetic Like Polymers
- Bakelite, Rubber
- Bio-degradable and Non-Biodegradable Polymers.
Unit-XVI Alcohols, Phenols, and Ether
- Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol.
- Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
- Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties use.
AIIMS Syllabus 2020 – Biology
- Reproduction in Organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all the organisms for the continuation of species.
- Modes of Reproduction- Sexual and Asexual, Asexual Reproduction, Modes- Binary Fission, Sporulation, Budding, Gemmule, Fragmentation, Vegetative Propagation in Plants.
- Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants- Flower Structure, Development of Make and Female Gametophytes; Pollination-types, agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization events development of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation.
- Human Reproduction – Male and Female Reproductive Systems, Microscopic Anatomy of Testis and Ovary, Gametogenesis, Spermatogenesis, and Oogenesis, Menstrual Cycle, Fertilization, Embryo-Development up to Blastocyst formation, Implantation, Pregnancy and Placenta Information (Elementary Idea), Lactation (Elementary Idea).
- Reproductive Health: Need for Reproductive Health, and Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD), Birth Control Need, and Methods, Contraception, and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP), Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness).
Unit-II Ecology and Environment
- Organisms and Environment
- Habitat and Nic
Unit III Biotechnology and its Applications
- Principles and Process of Biotechnology- Genetic Engineering (Recombinant DNA Technology).
- Application of Biotechnology in Health and Agriculture: Human Insulin and Vaccine Production, Gene Therapy, Genetically Modified, Organisms, Bt Crops, Transgenic Animals, Bio-Safety Issues – Biopiracy and Patents.
Unit-IV Genetics and Evolution
- Heredity and Variation – Mendelian Inheritance, Deviations from Mendelism- Incomplete Dominance, Co-Dominance, Multiple Alleles, and inheritance of Blood Groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.
- Molecular Basis of Inheritance – Search for Genetic Material, Structure of DNA and RNA, DNA Packaging, DNA Replication, Central Dogma, Transcription, Genetic Code, Translation, Gene Expression, and Regulation, – Lac Operon, Genome and Human Genome Project, DNA Finger Printing.
- Evolution- Origin of Life, Biological Evolution and Evidence for Biological Evolution, Comparative Anatomy, Embryology, and Molecular Evidence, Darwin’s Contribution, Modern Synthetic Theory of Evolution, Mechanism of the Evolution-Variation (Mutation and Recombination), and Natural Selection with examples, types of Natural Selection, Gene, Flow and Genetic Drift, Hardy-Weinberg’s Principle, Adaptive Radiation, Human Evolution.
Unit-IV Biology and Human Welfare
- Health and Disease, Pathogens, Parasites, causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis, Typhoid, Pneumonia, Common Cold, Amoebiasis, Ring Worm.
- Basic Concepts of Immunology- Vaccines
- Cancer, HIV, and AIDS
- Adolescence, Drug and Alcohol Abuse.
- Improvement In Food production: Plant Breeding, Tissue Culture, Single Cell protein, Bio-Fortification, Apiculture, and Animal Husbandry.
- Microbes in Human Welfare: In Household Food Processing, Industrial Production, Sewage Treatment, Energy Generation, and as Biocontrol agents and bio-fertilizers.
AIIMS Syllabus 2020 – General Knowledge
In AIIMS MBBS Exam, 10 Questions are asked from General Knowledge. Some of the topics that are asked from the General Knowledge Section are as follows-
- Internal Organizations
- Computer Science
- Current Affairs
AIIMS MBBS Important Chapters- Physics, Chemistry, and Biology
AIIMS 2018 Topper, Manish Mulchandani said that, it’s very important to learn the formula and how to implement them. Hence, we have provided a few important topics that carry the maximum weightage in the exam.
Physics Important Chapters
- Laws of Thermodynamics
- Rotational Motion
- Ray Optics
- Waves and Sounds
- Semiconductors and Electromagnetic Waves
- Magnetic Effects of Current
Chemistry Important Chapters
- Classification of the Elements
- Periodic Properties of the Elements
- General Organic Chemistry
- Atomic Structure
- Chemical Thermodynamics
- Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
- D and F Block Elements
AIIMS MBBS Biology Important Chapters 2020
- Biological Classification
- Plant Kingdom
- Digestion and Absorption
- Cell-The Unit of Life
- Human Health and Disease
- Environmental Issues
- Chemical Coordination and Integration
- Principles of Inheritance and Variation
- Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
- Human Reproduction etc.
Whereas, 10 questions are asked from the Aptitude Test and Logical Thinking. Candidates can refer this syllabus for their AIIMS MBBS 2020 Preparation. To know more regarding the AIIMS MBBS Admission 2020, you can check out other sites as well. The AIIMS MBBS Exam 2019 is to be held in May 2020.