The details JEE Main Physics Syllabus is available below. Candidates can check the topics of the different chapters of physics in the section.
Physics and Measurements
Physics; Technology and society; SI Units; Fundamental and derived units. Least count; accuracy and precision of measuring instrument; Errors in measurement; Dimensions of Physical Quantity.
Frame of reference; Motion in a straight line; Position-time graph; speed and velocity; Uniform and non-uniform motion; average speed and instantaneous velocity; Scalars and vectors; Vector addition and subtraction; zero vector; scalar and vector product; unit vector; resolution of a vector; Relative Velocity; Motion in a plane; Projectile motion; uniform circular motion.
Laws of Motion
Force and Inertia; Newton’s first law of motion; momentum; Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion; Law of conservation of linear momentum and its application; Equilibrium of concurrent forces; Static and kinetic friction; laws of friction; rolling friction. Dynamics of uniform circular motion; centripetal force and its application.
Work, Energy, and Power
Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies; work-energy theorem; power; Potential energy of a spring; conservation of mechanical energy; conservative and non-conservative forces; Elastic and inelastic collision in one and two dimensions.
Centre of a mass of a two-particle system; center of a mass of rigid body; body concepts of rotational motion; motion of a force; torque; angular momentum; conservation of angular momentum and its applications; moment of inertia; radius of gyration. Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects; parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. Rigid body rotation; equations of rotational motion.
The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler’s laws of planetary motion; gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity.
Properties of Solids and Liquids
Elastic Behavior; Stress-strain relationship; Hooke’s law’ Young’s modulus; bulk modulus; modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to the fluid column; Pascal’s law; and its applications. Viscosity; Stokes’ law; terminal velocity; steam line; and turbulent flow; Reynolds number. Bernoulli’s principle and its application. Surface energy and surface tension; angle of contact; application of surface tension; drops, bubbles, and capillary rise.
Thermal equilibrium; zeroth law of thermodynamics; the concept of temperature; Heat, work, and energy; First law thermodynamics; Second law thermodynamics; reversible and irreversible process; Carnot engine and its efficiency.
Kinetic Theory of Gases
Equation of a state of a perfect gas; work done on compressing a gas; Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions; the concept of pressure; Kinetic energy and temperature; rms speed of gas molecules; Degrees of freedom; Law of equipartition of energy; applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path; Avogadro’s number.
Oscillations and Waves
Periodic motion – period; frequency; displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring; energy in simple harmonic motion; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period; Free, forced and damped oscillations; resonance.
Wave motion; Longitudinal and transverse waves; speed of a wave; Displacement relation of a progressive wave; Principle of superposition of a wave; the reflection of the wave; standing waves in strings and organ pipe; fundamental mode and harmonics, beats; Doppler effect in sounds.
Electric charges; Electric field.
Electric current; drift velocity; Ohm’s law; electric resistance; resistance of different materials; characteristics of ohm and non-ohm conductors; electrical energy and power; electrical resistivity; color code for resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.
Electrical cell and its internal resistance; potential difference and emf of a cell; combination of cells in series and in parallel; Kirchhoff law and its application.
Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
Biot – Savart Law and its application to current carrying circular loop; Ampere’s law and its application to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid; Force on a moving charge in a magnetic and electric fields.
The Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field; Force between two current-carrying conductor- definitions of ampere; Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment.
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current
Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law; induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law; Eddy currents; Self and mutual inductance; Alternating currents; peak rms value; and impedance; LCR series circuits; resonance; Quality factor; power in AC circuits; wattless current; AC generator and transformer.
The Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics; transverse nature of electromagnetic waves; Electromagnetic spectrum; application of e.m. waves.
Reflection and refraction of lights at a plane and spherical surfaces; mirror formula; total internal reflection and its application; Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism; lens formula; magnification; the power of a lens; the combination of thin lenses in contact; microscope and astronomical telescope
Wave optics; wavefront and Huygens principle; laws of reflection and refraction of using Huygens principle; interference; young’s double slit experiment for fringe width.
Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
Dual nature of radiation; photoelectric effect; hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation.
Atoms and Nuclei
Alpha particle scattering experiments; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr’s model; energy levels; hydrogen spectrum; composition and size of nucleus; atomic masses.
Semiconductors; semiconductor diode; I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; characteristics of LED; photodiode; solar cell; and zener diode; zener diode as a voltage regulator.
Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; sky and waves propagation; Need for modulation; bandwidth of signals; bandwidth of transmission medium; basic elements of a communication medium.
|Experimental Skills||Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities|