**BITSAT Syllabus 2020:** An important part of the preparation for BITSAT includes awareness of BITSAT 2020 Syllabus. Candidates must make sure that they have a thorough understanding of the *Syllabus for BITSAT 2020*. This will help them schedule their study routine efficiently. Candidates who will be applying for BITSAT 2020 for B.Tech Courses will have to prepare Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics/ Biology, and English. This article will provide essential information about the topics that need to read and prepared for the BITSAT 2020 Examination. Further, check BITSAT Syllabus 2020 for different subjects below.

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## BITSAT Physics Syllabus 2020

### Units & Measurement

- Units (Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units)
- Dimensional Analysis
- Precision and significant figures
- Fundamental measurements in Physics (Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Physical balance, etc.)

### Kinematics

- Properties of vectors
- Position, velocity and acceleration vectors
- Motion with constant acceleration
- Projectile motion
- Uniform circular motion
- Relative motion

### Newton’s Laws of Motion

- Newton’s laws (free body diagram, resolution of forces)
- Motion on an inclined plane
- Motion of blocks with pulley systems
- Circular motion – centripetal force
- Inertial and non-inertial frames

### Impulse and Momentum

- Definition of impulse and momentum
- Conservation of momentum
- Collisions
- Momentum of a system of particles XII
- Center of mass

### Work and Energy

- Work done by a force
- Kinetic energy and work-energy theorem
- Power
- Conservative forces and potential energy
- Conservation of mechanical energy

### Rotational Motion

- Description of rotation (angular displacement, angular velocity, and angular acceleration)
- Rotational motion with constant angular acceleration
- Moment of inertia, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy
- Torque and angular momentum
- Conservation of angular momentum
- Rolling motion

### Gravitation

- Newton’s law of gravitation
- Gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity
- Motion of planets – Kepler’s laws, satellite motion

### Mechanics of Solids and Fluids

- Elasticity
- Pressure, density, and Archimedes’ principle
- Viscosity and Surface Tension
- Bernoulli’s theorem

### Oscillations

- Kinematics of simple harmonic motion
- Spring mass system, simple and compound pendulum
- Forced & damped oscillations, resonance

### Waves

- Progressive sinusoidal waves
- Standing waves in strings and pipes
- Superposition of waves, beats
- Doppler Effect

### Heat and Thermodynamics

- Kinetic theory of gases
- Thermal equilibrium and temperature
- Specific heat, Heat Transfer – Conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, Newton’s law of cooling XIII
- Work, heat and first law of thermodynamics
- 2nd law of thermodynamics, Carnot engine – Efficiency and Coefficient of performance

### Electrostatics

- Coulomb’s law
- Electric field (discrete and continuous charge distributions)
- Electrostatic potential and Electrostatic potential energy
- Gauss’ law and its applications
- Electric dipole
- Capacitance and dielectrics (parallel plate capacitor, capacitors in series and parallel)

### Current Electricity

- Ohm’s law, Joule heating
- D.C circuits – Resistors and cells in series and parallel, Kirchoff’s laws, potentiometer and Wheatstone bridge
- Electrical Resistance (Resistivity, origin and temperature dependence of resistivity).

### Magnetic Effect of Current

- Biot-Savart’s law and its applications
- Ampere’s law and its applications
- Lorentz force, the force on current-carrying conductors in a magnetic field
- Magnetic moment of a current loop, torque on a current loop, Galvanometer and its conversion to voltmeter and ammeter

### Electromagnetic Induction

- Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law, eddy currents
- Self and mutual inductance
- Transformers and generators
- Alternating current (peak and RMS value)
- AC circuits, LCR circuits

### Optics

- Laws of reflection and refraction
- Lenses and mirrors
- Optical instruments – telescope and microscope
- Interference – Huygen’s principle, Young’s double-slit experiment
- Interference in thin films
- Diffraction due to a single slit
- Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (only qualitative ideas), Electromagnetic spectrum
- Polarization – states of polarization, Malus’ law, Brewster’s law

### Modern Physics

- Dual nature of light and matter – Photoelectric effect, De Broglie wavelength
- Atomic models – Rutherford’s experiment, Bohr’s atomic model XIV
- Hydrogen atom spectrum
- Radioactivity
- Nuclear reactions: Fission and fusion, binding energy

### Electronic Devices

- Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors;
- Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator.
- Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator
- Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR); Transistor as a switch.

## BITSAT Chemistry Syllabus 2020

### States of Matter

- Measurement: Physical quantities and SI units, Dimensional analysis, Precision, Significant figures.
- Chemical reactions: Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept; Atomic, molecular and molar masses; Percentage composition empirical & molecular formula; Balanced chemical equations & stoichiometry
- Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points Gaseous state: Gas Laws, ideal behavior, ideal gas equation, empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro number, Deviation from ideal behaviour – Critical temperature, Liquefaction of gases, van der Waals equation.
- Liquid state: Vapour pressure, surface tension, viscosity.
- Solid-state

### Atomic Structure

- Introduction: Subatomic particles; Atomic number, isotopes and isobars, Thompson’s model and its limitations, Rutherford’s picture of atom and its limitations; Hydrogen atom spectrum and Bohr model and its limitations.
- Quantum mechanics: Wave-particle duality – de Broglie relation, Uncertainty principle; Hydrogen atom: Quantum numbers and wavefunctions, atomic orbitals and their shapes (s, p, and d), Spin quantum number.
- Many electron atoms: Pauli exclusion principle; Aufbau principle and the electronic configuration of atoms, Hund’s rule.
- Periodicity: Brief history of the development of periodic tables Periodic law and the modern periodic table; Types of elements: s, p, d, and f blocks

### Chemical Bonding & Molecular Structure

- Valence electrons, Ionic Bond: Lattice Energy and Born-Haber cycle; Covalent character of ionic bonds and polar character of the covalent bond, bond parameters
- Molecular Structure: Lewis picture & resonance structures, VSEPR model & molecular shapes
- Covalent Bond: Valence Bond Theory- Orbital overlap, Directionality of bonds & hybridization (s, p & d orbitals only), Resonance; Molecular orbital theory- Methodology, Orbital energy level diagram, Bond order, Magnetic properties for homonuclear diatomic species (qualitative idea only).
- Dipole moments; Hydrogen Bond.

### Thermodynamics

- Basic Concepts: Systems and surroundings; State functions; Intensive & Extensive Properties; Zeroth Law and Temperature
- First Law of Thermodynamics: Work, internal energy, heat, enthalpy, heat capacities and specific heats, measurements of ∆U and ∆H, Enthalpies of formation, phase transformation, ionization, electron gain; Thermochemistry; Hess’s Law, Enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, atomization, sublimation, solution and dilution
- Second Law: Spontaneous and reversible processes; entropy; Gibbs free energy related to spontaneity and non-spontaneity, non-mechanical work; Standard free energies of formation, free energy change, and chemical equilibrium
- Third Law: Introduction

### Physical and Chemical Equilibria

- Concentration Units: Mole Fraction, Molarity, and Molality
- Solutions: Solubility of solids and gases in liquids, Vapour Pressure, Raoult’s law, Relative lowering of vapor pressure, depression in freezing point; elevation in boiling point; osmotic pressure, determination of molecular mass; solid solutions, abnormal molecular mass, van’t Hoff factor. Equilibrium: Dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action
- Physical Equilibrium: Equilibria involving physical changes (solid-liquid, liquid-gas, solid-gas), Surface chemistry, Adsorption, Physical and Chemical adsorption, Langmuir Isotherm, Colloids and emulsion, classification, preparation, uses.
- Chemical Equilibria: Equilibrium constants (KP, KC), Factors affecting equilibrium, LeChatelier’s principle.
- Ionic Equilibria: Strong and Weak electrolytes, Acids and Bases (Arrhenius, Lewis, Lowry and Bronsted) and their dissociation; degree of ionization, Ionization of Water; ionization of polybasic acids, pH; Buffer solutions; Henderson equation, Acid-base titrations; Hydrolysis; Solubility Product of Sparingly Soluble Salts; Common Ion Effect.
- Factors Affecting Equilibria: Concentration, Temperature, Pressure, Catalysts, Significance of DG and DG0 in Chemical Equilibria.

### Electrochemistry

- Redox Reactions: Oxidation-reduction reactions (electron transfer concept); Oxidation number; Balancing of redox reactions; Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Standard electrode potentials; EMF of Galvanic cells; Nernst equation; Factors affecting the electrode potential; Gibbs energy change and cell potential; Secondary cells; dry cells, Fuel cells; Corrosion and its prevention.
- Electrolytic Conduction: Electrolytic Conductance; Specific and molar conductivities; variations of conductivity with concentration, Kolhrausch’s Law and its application, Electrolysis, XVI Faraday’s laws of electrolysis; Electrode potential and electrolysis, Commercial production of the chemicals, NaOH, Na, Al.

### Chemical Kinetics

- Aspects of Kinetics: Rate and Rate expression of a reaction; Rate constant; Order and molecularity of the reaction; Integrated rate expressions and half-life for zero and first-order reactions.
- Factor Affecting the Rate of the Reactions: Concentration of the reactants, catalyst; size of particles, Temperature dependence of rate constant concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment); Activation energy.
- Surface Chemistry

### Hydrogen and S-Block Elements

- Hydrogen: Element: unique position in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes; Dihydrogen: preparation, properties, reactions, and uses; Molecular, saline, ionic, covalent, interstitial hydrides; Water: Properties; Structure and aggregation of water molecules; Heavy water; Hydrogen peroxide: preparation, reaction, structure & use, Hydrogen as a fuel.
- s-block elements: Abundance and occurrence; Anomalous properties of the first element in each group; diagonal relationships; trends in the variation of properties (ionization energy, atomic & ionic radii).
- Alkali metals: Lithium, sodium and potassium: occurrence, extraction, reactivity, and electrode potentials; Biological importance; Reactions with oxygen, hydrogen, halogens water; Basic nature of oxides and hydroxides; Halides; Properties and uses of compounds such as NaCl, Na2CO3, NaHCO3, NaOH, KCl, and KOH.
- Alkaline earth metals: Magnesium and calcium: Occurrence, extraction, reactivity and electrode potentials; Reactions with O2, H2O, H2 and halogens; Solubility and thermal stability of oxo salts; Biological importance of Ca and Mg; Preparation, properties and uses of important compounds such as CaO, Ca(OH)2, plaster of Paris, MgSO4, MgCl2, CaCO3, and CaSO4.

### S, P, D, & F Block Elements

- General: Abundance, distribution, physical and chemical properties, isolation and uses of elements; Trends in chemical reactivity of elements of a group; electronic configuration, oxidation states; anomalous properties of the first element of each group.

### Principles of Organic Chemistry and Hydrocarbons

- Classification; Electronic displacement in a covalent bond; Alkanes; Alkenes and alkynes; Aromatic hydrocarbons; Haloalkanes and haloarenes.

### Stereochemistry

- Conformations: Ethane conformations; Newman and Sawhorse projections.
- Geometrical isomerism in alkenes

### Organic Compounds with Functional Groups Containing Oxygen and Nitrogen

- General
- Specific

### Biological, Industrial and Environmental Chemistry

- Carbohydrates; Proteins; Nucleic Acids; Nucleic Acids; Vitamins; Polymer; Pollution; Chemicals in medicine, health-care and food.

### Theoretical Principles of Experimental Chemistry

- Volumetric Analysis; Qualitative analysis of Inorganic Salts; Purification Method; Qualitative Analysis of Organic Compounds; Principles of Organic Chemistry Experiments; Basic Laboratory Technique.

## BITSAT Mathematics Syllabus 2020

### Algebra

Complex numbers, addition, multiplication, conjugation, polar representation, properties of modulus and principal argument, triangle inequality, roots of complex numbers, geometric interpretations; Fundamental theorem of algebra.

### Trigonometry

- Measurement of angles in radians and degrees, positive and negative angles, trigonometric ratios, functions with their graphs and identities.
- The solution of trigonometric equations.
- Inverse trigonometric functions

### Two-dimensional Coordinate Geometry

- Cartesian coordinates, distance between two points, section formulae, shift of origin.
- Straight lines and pair of straight lines: Equation of straight lines in various forms, angle between two lines, distance of a point from a line, lines through the point of intersection of two given lines, equation of the bisector of the angle between two lines, concurrent lines.
- Circles: Equation of circle in standard form, parametric equations of a circle.
- Conic sections: parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola their eccentricity, directrices & foci.

### Three-dimensional Coordinate Geometry

- Co-ordinate axes and co-ordinate planes, distance between two points, section formula, direction cosines and direction ratios, equation of a straight line in space and skew lines.
- Angle between two lines whose direction ratios are given, shortest distance between two lines.
- Equation of a plane, distance of a point from a plane, condition for coplanarity of three lines, angles between two planes, angle between a line and a plane.

### Differential calculus

- Domain and range of a real valued function, Limits and Continuity of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, Differentiability.
- Derivative of different types of functions (polynomial, rational, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic, implicit functions), derivative of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, chain rule, parametric form.
- Geometric interpretation of derivative, Tangents and Normals.
- Increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of a function.
- Rolle’s Theorem, Mean Value Theorem and Intermediate Value Theorem.

### Integral calculus

- Integration as the inverse process of differentiation, indefinite integrals of standard functions.
- Methods of integration: Integration by substitution, Integration by parts, integration by partial fractions, and integration by trigonometric identities.
- Definite integrals and their properties, Fundamental Theorem of Integral Calculus, applications in finding areas under simple curves.
- Application of definite integrals to the determination of areas of regions bounded by simple curves.

### Ordinary Differential Equations

- Order and degree of a differential equation, formulation of a differential equation whole general solution is given, variables separable method.
- Solution of homogeneous differential equations of the first order and first degree
- Linear first-order differential equations

### Probability

- Various terminology in probability, axiomatic and other approaches of probability, addition and multiplication rules of probability.
- Conditional probability, total probability and Baye’s theorem
- Independent events
- Discrete random variables and distributions with mean and variance.

### Vectors

- Direction ratio/cosines of vectors, the addition of vectors, scalar multiplication, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio.
- Dot and cross products of two vectors, projection of a vector on a line.
- Scalar triple products and their geometrical interpretations.

### Statistics

- Measures of dispersion
- Analysis of frequency distributions with equal means but different variances

### Linear Programming

- Various terminology and formulation of linear Programming
- A solution of linear Programming using graphical method, feasible and infeasible regions, feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (up to three non-trivial constraints)

### Mathematical Modelling

- Formulation of a simple real-life problem, solution using matrices, calculus, and linear programming.

## BITSAT Biology Syllabus 2020

### Diversity in Living World

- Biology – its meaning and relevance to mankind
- What is living; Taxonomic categories and aids; Systematics and Binomial system of nomenclature.
- Introductory classification of living organisms (Two-kingdom system, Five-kingdom system);
- Plant kingdom – Salient features of major groups (Algae to Angiosperms);
- Animal kingdom – Salient features of Nonchordates up to phylum, and Chordates up to class level.

### Cell: The Unit of Life; Structure and Function

- Cell wall; Cell membrane; Endomembrane system (ER, Golgi apparatus/Dictyosome, Lysosomes, Vacuoles); Mitochondria; Plastids; Ribosomes; Cytoskeleton; Cilia and Flagella; Centrosome and Centriole; Nucleus; Microbodies.
- Structural differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic, and between plant and animal cells.
- Cell cycle (various phases); Mitosis; Meiosis.
- Biomolecules – Structure and function of Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic acids.
- Enzymes – Chemical nature, types, properties and mechanism of action.

### Genetics and Evolution

- Mendelian inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Gene interaction; Incomplete dominance; Co-dominance; Complementary genes; Multiple alleles;
- Linkage and Crossing over; Inheritance patterns of hemophilia and blood groups in humans.
- DNA –its organization and replication; Transcription and Translation;
- Gene expression and regulation; DNA fingerprinting.
- Theories and evidence of evolution, including modern Darwinism.

### Structure and Function – Plants

- Morphology of a flowering plant; Tissues and tissue systems in plants; Anatomy and function of root, stem (including modifications), leaf, inflorescence, flower (including position and arrangement of different whorls, placentation), fruit and seed; Types of fruit; Secondary growth;
- Absorption and movement of water (including diffusion, osmosis and water relations of cell) and of nutrients; Translocation of food; Transpiration and gaseous exchange; Mechanism of stomatal movement.

### Structure and Function – Animals

- Human Physiology – Digestive system – organs, digestion and absorption; Respiratory system – organs, breathing and exchange and transport of gases.
- Body fluids and circulation – Blood, lymph, double circulation, regulation of cardiac activity; Hypertension, Coronary artery diseases.
- Excretion system – Urine formation, regulation of kidney function
- Locomotion and movement – Skeletal system, joints, muscles, types of movement.
- Control and co-ordination – Central and peripheral nervous systems, structure and function of a neuron, reflex action, and sensory reception; Role of various types of endocrine glands; Mechanism of hormone action.

### Reproduction, Growth, and Movement in Plants

- Asexual methods of reproduction;
- Sexual Reproduction – Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination (Types and agents); Fertilization; Development of embryo, endosperm, seed and fruit (including parthenocarpy and elminth). XXIV
- Growth and Movement – Growth phases; Types of growth regulators and their role in seed dormancy, germination and movement;
- Apical dominance; Senescence; Abscission; Photo- periodism; Vernalisation;
- Various types of movements.

### Reproduction and Development in Humans

- Male and female reproductive systems;
- Menstrual cycle; Gamete production; Fertilisation; Implantation;
- Embryo development;
- Pregnancy and parturition;
- Birth control and contraception.

### Ecology and Environment

- Meaning of ecology, environment, habitat, and niche.
- Ecological levels of organization (organism to biosphere); Characteristics of Species, Population, Biotic Community and Ecosystem; Succession and Climax. Ecosystem – Biotic and abiotic components; Ecological pyramids; Food chain and Food web;
- Energy flow; Major types of ecosystems including agroecosystem.
- Ecological adaptations – Structural and physiological features in plants and animals of aquatic and desert habitats.

### Biology and Human Welfare

- Animal husbandry – Livestock, Poultry, Fisheries; Major animal diseases and their control. Pathogens of major communicable diseases of humans caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses, protozoans, and helminths, and their control.
- Cancer; AIDS.
- Adolescence and drug/alcohol abuse;
- Basic concepts of immunology.
- Plant Breeding and Tissue Culture in crop improvement

### Biotechnology and its Applications

- Microbes as ideal system for biotechnology;
- Microbial technology in food processing, industrial production (alcohol, acids, enzymes, antibiotics), sewage treatment and energy generation.
- Steps in recombinant DNA technology – restriction enzymes, NA insertion by vectors and other methods, regeneration of recombinants

## BITSAT Syllabus 2020 – English and Logical Reasoning

### English Proficiency

**1. Grammar**

- 1.1 Agreement, Time and Tense, Parallel construction, Relative pronouns
- 1.2 Determiners, Prepositions, Modals, Adjectives
- 1.3 Voice, Transformation
- 1.4 Question tags, Phrasal verbs

**2. Vocabulary**

- 2.1 Synonyms, Antonyms, Odd Word, One Word, Jumbled letters, Homophones, Spelling
- 2.2 Contextual meaning.
- 2.3 Analogy

**3. Reading Comprehension**

- 3.1 Content/ ideas
- 3.2 Vocabulary
- 3.3 Referents
- 3.4 Idioms/ Phrases
- 3.5 Reconstruction (rewording)

**4. Composition**

- 4.1 Rearrangement
- 4.2 Paragraph Unity
- 4.3 Linkers/Connectives

### Logical Reasoning

**5. Verbal Reasoning**

**6. Nonverbal Reasoning**