NTA stands for National Testing Agency. NTA was approved by the Union cabinet in November 2017. The government has appointed Vineet Joshi, who is also the former chairman of CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) as the First Director-General of NTA. Vineet Joshi will serve for a tenure of five years. National Testing Agency is set up as an Autonomous and self-sustained organization that will conduct national-level tests on a voluntary basis for the conduct of independent tests. The National Testing Agency is registered as a society under the Indian Societies Registration Act, 1860.
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About National Testing Agency (NTA)
- Composition – National Testing Agency Comprises of eminent educationalists appointed by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. Besides the DG, it composes of the Board of Governors with members from user institutions.
- Function – it will conduct national level entrance tests entrusted to it by nay ministry or Department. It will also relieve major exam conducting bodies like CBSE and AICTE of conducting independent entrance tests.
- Operations – National Testing Agency has been entrusted with the responsibility of taking over various examinations previously conducted by the CBSE. This operation will first start with the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) and National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET).
The National Testing Agency will begin by conducting all the national level examination conducted by CBSE. It has taken up other examinations since its inception. It’s worth noting that the examination will take place not once but twice a year in the online mode. The National Testing Agency will also locate its centers at district and sub-districts in order to serve the requirements of rural candidates and will also take hands-on training for students.
Candidates can check the National Testing Agency official website.
Exams Conducted by NTA
The National Testing Agency is responsible for conducting the following Entrance Examinations-
NTA Joint Entrance Examination (JEE Main)
Since 2019, NTA is responsible to conduct JEE (Joint Entrance Examination), Mains. This year, JEE mains is going to take place in 2 sessions (January & April). The Registration forms for the 2021 session will release soon. Candidates must note that they can appear for JEE Mains twice a year, which means they can appear for the JEE Main January exam as well as the JEE main April exam. And, the result will be counted on the basis of the best of the two attempts. So, it is up to the candidate to appear once or twice.
After the JEE Main January Exam 2021, NTA will release the official JEE Main Answer Key. The Answer Key will contain all the correct answers to the questions asked in the JEE main exam. So, candidates can cross-check and hence calculate their estimated scores. NTA will release the JEE Main Cut off for the candidates to check if they have qualified or not. Further, after the cutoff list releases, the candidates can further enroll for JEE Main Counselling Registration.
National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)
The NEET is an Undergraduate Entrance Exam that takes place in India to get admission in Medical (MBBS), and Dental (BDS) Courses. Through NEET Entrance Exam, admissions can be offered in various Medical Private, and Government Colleges of India. From, the year 2020, the NEET Scores is applicable for AIIMS and JIPMER Admission as well. There are no separate exams conducted by AIIMS and JIPMER.
The NTA NEET is an offline examination with a time duration of three hours. The Exam is conducted is once a year. As per the information, a total of 1,18,316 MBBS and BDS seats were reserved for NEET 2020. Out of which, 80 thousand are MBBS Seats, which include 41,388 Government Medical Seats and 1107 AIIMS and JIPMER Seats. The Application Form is expected to release in the month of December 2020.
Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT)
The Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test is a National Level Entrance Exam that offers admission into M.Pharm Programs. Over 782 Institutes participate in the Admission Process. The Application Form releases in December. The GPAT Exam is conducted online, with a time duration of 3 Hours. A total of 125 Questions Questions are asked in the exam. Each Question carries 1 mark, and there is a negative marking of -1 for every wrong answer.
The UGC NET is a National Level Examination conducted by the University Grants Commission to select candidates for Assistant Professor or both Junior Research Fellowship and Assistant Professor in Indian Universities and Colleges. The Registration Form usually releases in the second week of March and the Entrance Test takes place in different slots. The UGC NET Exam is conducted online and the time duration for this exam is 180 minutes.
The CSIR-NET is an All-India Level Entrance Examination that is conducted to select candidates for Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and for Lectureship/Assistant Professor. The entrance exam is conducted by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research under NTA. The Online Registration Process for CSIR NET is invited twice a year for Assistant Professor and JRF. The Mode of the Entrance Exam is Online.
Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Exam (JNUEE)
The National Testing Agency conducts JNUEE which is a University Level Entrance Exam The Exam is organized to offer admission in various fields such as Law, Education, Science, Engineering, Music, etc. The JNU Application Form starts in the month of March, and the Online Entrance Exam takes place in April/May.
IGNOU Ph.D. and OPENMAT Entrance Exams
IGNOU offers Ph.D. Admission under two categories: Full Time, and Part-Time. The Selection Process of the candidate is based on the IGNOU Ph.D. Entrance Test followed by an Interview. The Exam takes place twice a year: July and January. IGNOU Ph.D. entrance test is computer-based with a total of 100 questions consisting of 50% on research methodology and 50% on the specific subject.
Whereas, the IGNOU OPENMAT is conducted to offer admissions in MBA/PGDM Courses. The Exam Conducted in two sessions – July and January. The OPENMAT Scores of one session is valid for one year. Like for example, if the exam is conducted January-February, then the scores can be used for July and January next year. Candidates can opt for admission in any of the cycles as per the score validity.
ICAR’s All India Entrance Exam for Admission (AIEEA)
The NTA conducts the ICAR AIEEA which is an All India Entrance Examination for Admission (AIEEA) The exam is for the selection of candidates to various Bachelor’s degree programs in Agriculture and allied subjects at the various Agricultural Universities (AU) across India. The ICAR AIEEA Registration starts in March 2021 and the Exam is conducted in June. The authority offers admission to UG, PG, and Ph.D. Courses.
National Council for Hotel Management Joint Entrance Exam (NCHM JEE)
NCHM JEE is conducted for the candidates who wish to take admission in the 3-year courses of B.Sc (HHA). The National Testing Agency conducts the Entrance Test. The Registration starts in January and the Exam takes place in June/July. The Mode of the Exam is offline.
Delhi University Entrance Examination (DUET)
Delhi University conducts the DUET Exam under the guidance of NTA. The Entrance Exam takes place to offer admissions in various UG and PG Courses such as LLM, BBA, B.Sc, M.Ed, etc. The Online Registration starts in March 2021 and the Exam takes place in June. UG Admissions takes place on the basis of Merit, whereas for PG Course Admission, candidates have to appear for an Entrance Test. Last Year, a total number of 367895 registrations were made for the UG courses whereas, 154075 registrations were made for PG Courses.
Common Management Admission Test (CMAT)
CMAT is a National-Level Entrance Test for facilitating institutions to provided admissions in all Management Programmes approved by AICTE. The Exams takes place in February.
Indian Institute of Foreign Trade Examinations
The IIFT is a Management Aptitude Test that takes place for admissions in MBA Programs. The NTA conducts the exam on the behalf of the institute. It is a National Level Exam that takes place once a year. The Mode of the Exam is online with a time duration of two hours. Selected Candidates can get admission in IIFT Delhi, Kolkata, and Kakinada. The Online Registration starts in the first week of November and the Exam takes place in January.
National Testing Scheme
National Testing Agency will operate on the National Testing scheme which will provide the below-mentioned advantages:
- It will provide the candidate with the opportunity to improve himself/herself.
- Provide flexibility to various institutions in structuring the Admission process.
- Account for the difference in the socio-economic background of students in an objective and discernible manner.
- The national testing scheme will make sure that the structuring is transparent, fair, reasonable, and reliable.
The Union Government has given the National Testing Agency a one-time grant of Rs. 25 crores to begin the operation in the first year. After this, NTA has to financially become self-sustainable and will be subject to the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) audit. National Testing Agency will benefit at least 4 million students who are going to take the national level entrance examination. It will eventually relieve exam conducting bodies of the burden of conducting the entrance examinations. It will bring in high reliability, the standardized difficulty level for assessing the intelligence, aptitude, and problem-solving abilities of students.
National Testing Agency has been established to develop and promote standards in educational and professional testing and assessment. CBSE has prepared a model for NTA which suggests the objectives, structures, and functions of the agency.