NTA stands for National Testing Agency. NTA was approved by the Union cabinet in November 2017. Government has appointed Vineet Joshi, who is also the former chairman of CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) as the First Director-General of NTA. Vineet Joshi will serve for a tenure of five years.
National Testing Agency is a set up as an Autonomous and self-sustained organization that will conduct national level tests on a voluntary basis for the conduct of independent tests. The National Testing Agency is registered as a society under Indian Societies Registration Act, 1860.
- Composition – National Testing Agency Comprises of eminent educationalists appointed by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. Besides the DG, it is also composed of Board of Governors with members from user Institutions.
- Function – it will conduct national level entrance tests entrusted to it by nay ministry or Department. It will also relieve major exam conducting bodies like CBSE and AICTE of conducting independent entrance tests.
- Operations – National Testing Agency has been entrusted with the responsibility of taking over various examinations previously conducted by the CBSE. This operation will first start with the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) and National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET) 2019.
The National Testing agency will begin by conducting all the national level examination conducted by CBSE. It will later take up other examinations after it is geared up. Its worth noting that the examination will be conducted not once but twice in a year in the online mode.
The National Testing Agency will also locate its centres at district and sub-districts in order to serve the requirements of rural candidates and will also take hands-on training for students.
National Testing Scheme
National Testing Agency will operate on the National Testing scheme which will provide the below-mentioned advantages:
- It will provide the candidate with the opportunity to improve himself/herself.
- Provide flexibility to various institutions in structuring the Admission process.
- Account for the difference in the socio-economic background of students in an objective and discernible manner.
- The national testing scheme will make sure that the structuring is transparent, fair, reasonable and reliable.
The Union Government will give the National Testing Agency a one-time grant of Rs. 25 crores to begin the operation in the first year. After this, NTA will be financially self-sustainable and will be subjected to Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) audit. National Testing Agency will benefit at least 4 million students who are going to take the national level entrance examination. It will eventually relieve exam conducting bodies of the burden of conducting the entrance examinations. It will bring in high reliability, standardized difficulty level for assessing intelligence, aptitude and problem-solving abilities of students.
National Testing Agency has been established to develop and promote standard in educational and professional testing and assessment. CBSE has prepared a model for NTA which suggests the objectives, structures and functions of the agency.