Diploma in Laboratory technique is a 2-year diploma course which can be pursued after completing 12th. The course comprises the study of laboratory clinical tests and methodology. It offers the candidates to get expertise in various lab testings and handling the medical laboratory equipment. In this article, we will be providing information regarding the Course Eligibility, Fees, Colleges, Syllabus, Books, and Career Scope. Therefore, go through the article carefully.

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DMLT course duration and eligibility

Medical Laboratory Technology is one of the emerging course in the paramedical field of study. DMLT trains the students to become future lab assistants or lab technicians. One can easily choose their career in laboratory techniques by enrolling themselves in this 2-year diploma course or a 3-year Graduation course.

DMLT course after class 12th is for 2years (4 semesters)

  • The candidates should have passed class 12th with the subjects Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Besides, they must have an aggregate of 40% marks for the General category and 35% for the reserved category (SC, ST, OBC).

DMLT course after Graduation is for 1year (2 semesters)

  • The candidates should have completed their BSc. degree.  Further, they need to have an aggregate of 45% marks for the General category and 40% for the reserved category (SC, ST, OBC).

DMLT Course admission process

The DMLT admission is done through a national/state level entrance test followed by a round of personal interviews. The entrance test analyzes the general aptitude of the candidate. Also, many DMLT colleges offer a direct admission based on the marks scored in class 12th. But, usually, the admission into DMLT course is done through an entrance test. Every college/university release their own merit list of eligible candidates based on the entrance scores. After that, the selected candidates are called for counseling and admission.

Top DMLT colleges in India

DMLT falls under the category of paramedical course. There are several nursing and paramedical colleges in India offering DMLT course after 12th. The average annual DMLT course fee ranges from 5,000 to 1,00,000 (INR), depending upon the experience and job profile. Here is a tabular form of DMLT colleges in India :

Westford Institute of Paramedical SciencesThrissurGovt.
T.D. Medical CollegeAlappuzhaGovt.
King George’s Medical UniversityLucknowGovt.
Om Sai Paramedical CollegeAmbalaPrivate
Thrissur Government Medical collegeThrissurGovt.
Bangalore Medical College and Research InstituteBangaloreGovt.
Maharajah’s Institute of Medical SciencesVijaynagaramPrivate
NRI Medical CollegeGunturPrivate
Government Medical CollegeKotaGovt.
Jaipur National UniversityJaipurPrivate

DMLT Course Syllabus

The syllabus for DMLT course includes the study of diseases, its prevention, and diagnosis through clinical lab tests. Also, this is a 2year diploma course and it follows semester system in which there are a total of 4 semesters. The students are evaluated by the written examination which occurs at the end of every semester. In addition, to theory, there are practicals exams too. As a result, both practical, as well as theory papers are included in the DMLT curriculum and they are equally important.

DMLT curriculum is designed basically to train as well as to educate the candidates in the fields mentioned below

  1. Cell count process used for detecting diseases in patients
  2. Chemical analysis
  3. Micro-organism screening
  4. Body matter analysis like Blood, Tissue and other Body fluids

Also, the Diploma program in laboratory technique covers the study of some preclinical subjects. For instance, preclinical studies are performed in the research and development of new drugs to determine the desired pharmacologic effects and any unwanted effects that may predict adverse reactions during human exposure. Here’s a list of few preclinical subjects taught in DMLT :

  • Blood banking
  • Microbiology
  • Pathology
  • Biochemistry

Books for DMLT course in India

There are various books prescribed for the DMLT course in India. These books are mainly about the concepts involved in laboratory testing and analysis. They discuss the pathology techniques and the ways to handle various laboratory equipment. However, practical knowledge is very important in DMLT course, therefore equal importance is given to the practical examinations held at the end of every semester. Though every college has its own set of books prescribed under their syllabus there are few of the basic books which are referred to in almost many colleges. Here is a list of some of the books and their authors:

Clinical PathologyDR. J.S Chauhan
Diagnostic MicrobiologyRanjan Kumar
Clinical Microbiology and ParasitologyNanda Maheswari
Textbook of Medical Lab TechnologyPraful B. Godkar and Darshan B. Godkar
Biochemistry for DMLTArya Bhusan and Arun Jyothi
Practical Human Anatomy and PhysiologyMahaveer P. Kabra and Atul Kabra
Clinical Pathology, Hematology and Blood BankingNanda Maheshwari

Career after DMLT

A successful candidate after a completion of 2yrs of Diploma in laboratory technique can have a wide range of career prospects. One can either go for a job as a  laboratory technician in various medical institutions. However, one can also go for higher studies, including the research work after DMLT course. Similarly, they can work in various medical institutions such as pathology labs, pharmaceuticals, hospitals, etc. The average annual salary after DMLT in India ranges from 2 to 5 lakhs per annum,  depending upon the job profile. Jobs after DMLT course can be taken under any of the below-mentioned profile:

  • Pathologist
  • Dental Machine Technician
  • Radiology Technician
  • MRI Technician
  • X-Ray Technician
  • Renal Dialysis Technician
  • Optical Laboratory
  • Physiotherapy Technician
  • OT(Operation Theatre)Technician

DMLT Course FAQs

Question -What is the full form of DMLT Course?
Answer – DMLT stands for Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology. 
Question - How do I apply for DMLT Course?
Answer – The DMLT Course is mainly done after the completion of Class 12th Exam. There are some colleges and institutes that conduct the exam. Whereas, there are some colleges that offer admission on the basis of class 10th and 12th marks. 
Question- What are some of the courses that I can do after DMLT?
Answer- You can pursue B.Sc in Medical Imaging Technology, PG Diploma in Laboratory Services, etc. 
Question- What is the duration of the DMLT Course?
Answer- The DMLT Course duration is of 2 years. This course can be taken after the completion of 10+2 Exam. In short, this is a Diploma Course. 
Question - Can Arts and Commerce Candidate pursue DMLT Course?
Answer- Yes, candidates from Arts and Commerce background can also apply for this course. This can be a kickstart if they want to pursue their career in this field. 

In conclusion, DMLT course after 12th has become one of the most promising fields of study because it gives entry into the field of medical science. Above all this course can be completed in much less time and a reasonable course fee as compared to that of the MBBS. Therefore, one can easily pursue a career in the medical field after pursuing this 2year diploma in laboratory technique.


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