Idea of pursuing career in medical doesn’t necessarily limits its option till M.B.B.S. It has enhanced its area in other fields too though the requirement of Biological background is always desired but students could explore different professions too with the same requirement.

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List of Courses to do After Class 12th Science – Medical

Some of the courses which could be followed after completing 12th from medical background are given below:

Bachelor of Medicine and bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

The most opted and preferred course of biology group students. Though the whole duration of completing this course is from 4 to 5 years with addition of internship extending it upto 5.5 years. But it comes with a fact that admission procedure in medical colleges has been getting much more complicated and difficult. With more than thousands of students appearing in National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET) conducted by CBSE and framed under Indian Medical Council, chances of getting admission in a renowned medical college gets difficult. Institutes like All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) or Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical education and Research (JIPMER) also conduct their independent entrance exam for MBBS admissions.

Advantage of the course: MBBS in itself for sure guarantees a successful medical career and if you follow it up with PG it will boost up the career. Jobs for doctors in both private and government hospitals has seen a major shoot up and additionally one always has an option of opening their own independent clinic.

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)

The duration of this course is also of 5 years. In comparison with MBBS this field has relatively lesser opportunities but still getting degree from a good college will help in the successful career in this particular area of specialization.

Advantage of the course: If this course is followed by PG there are good chances of career growth. Also opening of a private clinic is always available under this though internship and training in a hospital like MBBS is required in this field too.


This course is also about medicine, uses of medicine, making of medicine, chemicals involved in its composition, basically this 4 years long course is about pharmaceutical sector. Basic knowledge of chemical compositions is required to pursue this course. There are various institutes and colleges in Bombay, Hyderabad, and Delhi. Since it’s a heavily regulated industry, institutes providing this course needs to get an approval from AICTE (All India Council for Technical education).

Advantages of this course: Pharmaceutical companies are the chief job providers in this course. Government sectors are also available for jobs for the graduates as an officer in the drugs department or in Government Hospitals. One may also get a job as a chemist in hospitals. Pursuing M.Pharm after this can also ensure a job in research sector as well as teaching sector.

Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)

Bachelor of Homeopathic surgery and Medicine is a course of 5 and a half years and 1 year of internship. It is also one of the finest branches of medical and have actually seen patients reliability on it. The course comprises with detailed knowledge of homeopathic medicines and procedures. There are colleges offering Bachelor in homeopathy, some of them are Nehru Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital, New Delhi, Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan University, Bhopal.

Advantage of the Course: As Homeopathy is seen as a preferable form of treatment especially in small towns one always has a good opportunity of opening a private clinic. Also, students can get a job in government researches taking place in this particular field and the availability of getting a job in private hospitals is always there.

Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry (B.Vsc.Ah)

It’s an undergraduate course of five years with the application of diagnostic, medical and therapeutic principles to various types of animals. This course comprises of studying, identifying and curing various diseases occurring in animals and birds. The exam for this course known as All India Pre-Veterinary Test (AIPVT) conducted by Veterinary Council India takes place in May every year though some of the state universities also conduct separate entrance examinations to get admission in their B.Vsc.Ah course.

Advantage of this course: If one is interested in teaching field this course provides option for that by pursuing higher degree in M.SC, M.Phil or Ph.D. in veterinary science making eligible for the post of a lecturer in any university or college. This field provides jobs in other departments too such as Animal Resource Development Centre, Dairy farms, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Ministry of Agriculture, Drug Research Institutions, poultry farms, Veterinary Hospitals and many others.

Bachelor of Audiology Speech Language Pathology (B.A.S.L.P)

This course of four years plus one year of internship focuses on auditory systems, hearing disorders, speech language therapy, hearing implants etc. This is a newly developed demand since the sensitivity towards this problem has increased and government has also been investing in the upliftment of this section. Interested Students from Biology background can apply for this course and explore this field.

Advantage of this Course: Graduates will be able to find jobs in the sectors of hearing implants, various organizations who work for people with hearing disorders, rehabilitation centres, Special school and Educational institutions (working especially for children), many government projects also seek candidates to train people with hearing disabilities and how could they lead their life in total normalcy.

Bachelor of Physiotherapy

Very much demanded in the healthcare sector, this profession has seen a fine growth in the healing of muscular injuries or physical injuries without surgical methods. With the tenure of 6 months internship and 4 years of complete course of training and classroom study this course has also attracted large number of students.

Advantage of the course: From having an option of being a private practitioner, after graduation one could also get a full time job as a physiotherapist in a private as well as government hospitals.

Some of the specialized fields for 12th PCB Students


A well-established branch of biology it involves the study of plants, their process, structures, growths etc. This course documents the research on variety of species of plants and the interaction of plants with the other organisms in their environment. One doing research could also conduct observation to discover species of plants.

Advantage: Students pursuing this particular field could get involved in research, teaching, environmental consultancies, taxonomist or environmental consultant.

Environmental Sciences

Established as an important field in the global world and to be considered as one of the issues to be concerned about, environmental sciences has also started to attract organizations ranging from national to global level. Involves the study of physical, chemical and biological components of the environment, it also attaches environmental scientists investigating the environmental issues.

Advantage: Environmental Scientists are hired for research by various industries globally involving the study of various factors related to environment. Many government funded projects too provide opportunities to work on this global issue.


Study of microscopic organisms like bacteria, fungi and their interactions with animals, humans, plants and other organisms in the environment. It involves the research of microorganisms and how they affect our lives.

Advantage: With the option of going for a higher research with the doors opening for the lectureship, other fields also includes research scientist, lab technician, working in pharmaceuticals, health sector, agriculture etc.


This field involves the interesting take on genes, genetic variations and their functions. One of the most prominent and important branch of bio, this field gives the peek into genetic diseases, mutations, how genes are transmitted, their interactions with the environment etc.

Advantage: This field also goes for higher research but also offers opportunities to be a geneticist, pharmacologist, forensic DNA analyst, medical technologist etc.


This field provides the utilization of the entire PCB course as it combines together biology, computer science and Information Technology. Professionals in this field develops the tools and techniques for analyzing biological data. A bioinformatics professional can also develop a software for accessing and analyzing data from biomedical and pharmaceutical studies.

Advantage: Apart from working as a bioinformatics analyst or developer with healthcare organizations, pharmaceuticals or with research agencies, candidates can also work as clinical research associates, bio analyst or as a medical coder after the completion of their graduation.


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